The Responsible Recycling Practices for Use in Accredited Certification Programs for Electronics Recyclers – the R2 Standard – is a standard that sets forth requirements relating to environmental, health & safety, data security, and industry best practices for electronics recycling. The R2 Standard requires electronics recyclers to ensure that more toxic material streams are managed safely and responsibly by downstream vendors – all the way to final disposition. It also prohibits recyclers and their downstream vendors from exporting these more toxic materials to countries that have enacted laws making their import illegal, or to vendors that do not have the capability to properly manage them. It prohibits landfilling or incineration of devices or components containing toxic materials. It requires data destruction and security. And, it requires comprehensive environmental, health and safety practices.
ISO 14001 sets out the criteria for an environmental management system. It does not state requirements for environmental performance but maps out a framework that a company or organization can follow to set up an effective environmental management system. It can be used by any organization that wants to improve resource efficiency, reduce waste, and drive down costs. Using ISO 14001 can provide assurance to company management and employees as well as external stakeholders that environmental impact is being measured and improved. ISO 14001 can also be integrated with other management functions and assists companies in meeting their environmental and economic goals.